PENTACON six TL
Instructions for use
Important parts of the
1. Focussing hood
2. Rapid wind lever
3. Unlocking leve
4. Release button
5. Cocking level with self timer
7. Camera back latch
8. Film speed end support
9. Button for opening the focusing hood
10. Frame finder (sports finder
11. Focusing hood unlocking button
||12. Film type indicator
13. Exposure time scale
14. Magnifier lens for focusing
15. Shutter release lock
16. Film speed indicator
17. Frame counter
18. Milled ring for fixing the lens
19. Lever for checking depth of field
20. Diaphragm setting ring
21. Depth-of-field scale
22. Focusing ring
18. Milled ring for fixing the lens
23. Thread for tripod
We are extremely pleased that you hove
chosen the genuine single lens reflex camera PENTAGON six TL and wish you every
success in your photographic activities with this camera.
The PENTAGON six TL carries on the great tradition of the genuine single lens
reflex cameras in the 6 x 6 cm format.
Its special features are:
Clearly arranged operating controls, shutter release in anatomically correct position,
interchangeable viewfinders (including TTL Prism Attachment) and focusing screens,
click stop shutter speed settings from 1 sec. to 1/1000 sec. and B (geometrically
graduated), designed for 120 roll film (12 frames) or 220 roll film (24 frames),
automatic exposure counter with locking device for the film in use, focal-plane
shutter of rubberized material.
X synchronization for electronic flash and bulbs, locking device for flash plug,
wide range of accessories for every kind of photographic activity, interchangeable
lenses, with bayonet fitting and locking ring, from 50 mm to 1000 mm focal length,
up to 180 mm with automatic spring diaphragm.
External view of the camera: Unfold the two inside pages of the front and back
covers and look at the camera itself in the same position as it is shown in the
pictures of the instruction booklet. The important parts are marked by numbers
and explained on the page.
The following Abridged Instructions are a
summary of the most important sections of this Instruction Booklet. These sections
deserve particular attention. Yet the knowledge acquired by reading them alone
cannot compensate for the valuable information to be obtained by studying the
complete instruction manual.
1. Pull latch (7) downward and open camera back. Exposure
counter (17) jumps to starting point.
2. Place film into left-hand spool chamber.
3. Remove gumstrip pull paper leader across picture
gate and push it into longer slit of the receiving spool.
4. Swing rapid wind lever (2) around as far as
it will go and continue advancing the film by small rocking movements until the
reference mark imprinted on the paper leader stands against the white dot on the
picture gate. Now move the rapid wind lever (2) back to its initial position and
close the camera back. The short rocking movements of the rapid wind lever may
be performed only while the film is being inserted, i.e. as long as the camera
back is open, or after the 12th exposure.
5. Set film reminder dials (12 and 16).
6. Release the shutter and cock it again four times.
The rapid wind lever must be swung without interruption as far as it will go and
moved back. The exposure counter (17) shows the mark for picture 1.
7. Employ viewfinder image for focusing. Critical
focusing is performed by means of the magnifying lens.
8. After the 12th and (in case of roll film 220)
the 24th exposure, the winding mechanism is locked. It is released by means of
disconnecting lever (3), whereupon film transporting can be continued.
9. In case of premature removal the film has to
be wound up to the end with the paper trailer by f u 11 swings of the rapid wind
lever and subsequent releasing of the shutter. Short rocking movements of the
rapid wind lever must not be performed before the 12th exposure has been made
(see also Section 4).
|Inserting and advancing the
Inserting the film starts with the unlatching and
opening of the camera back. Any type of commercially available roll film 120 for
12 exposures 6 x 6 cm (2 1/4 in. square) or roll film 220 for 24 exposures 6 x
6 cm (2 1/4 in. square) may be used in the camera. The film is inserted as follows:
Retract the two spool supports (8), rotate them to fixed position, place an empty
intact film spool into right-hand spool chamber, making sure that the carrier
mechanism catches the spool core, unlock the spool support and let it spring back.
The pivot pin will engage in the spool core. The full film spool is inserted into
the left-hand spool chamber in exactly the same manner. First swing rapid wind
lever (2) around as far as it will go, then continue advancing the paper leader
by short rocking movements until the reference mark imprinted on it stands against
the white dot on the picture gate. Taut and even winding of the paper leader is
necessary to avoid faulty film feed periods. After this, move the rapid wind lever
back to its initial position. Close the camera back. It is of special importance
to note that the short A rocking movements of the rapid wind lever may be performed
only while the film is being inserted, i.e. as long as the camera back is open,
or after the 12th exposure.
To achieve faultless advancement of the film, special attention must be paid
to the following 3 points:
|1. Remove the gumstrip and insert the paper
leader carefully into the middle of the spool. It must not brush against either
one of the spool flanges (Fig. 1). If this happens, the film will not advance
properly. There is even the possibility of the receiving spool getting jammed
within the spool chamber because of the irregular winding of the film, and the
film transport mechanism might be overstrained on actuation of the cocking lever.
|2. The paper leader, when being wound up,
must lie tautly on the core of the receiving spool. This can be achieved by slightly
suppressing the movement of the full spool on the supply side with the thumb of
the left hand (Fig. 2). Make sure that the paper windings are not too loose
on the take-up spool (Fig. 3) since this might cause overlapping or excessive
spacing between frames. The first exposure could, in such a case, be made before
the film is in the picture gate;
3. The short rocking movements of the rapid
wind lever when advancing the film, which are mentioned in this instruction booklet,
may be performed only under the following conditions:
a) when the film is being inserted, as long as
the camera back is still open, and
b) after exposure of the 12th frame and subsequent
release of the locking device to permit further advancement of the film.
Thus, if for instance a roll film 120 is to be
removed from the camera after the 10th exposure, the shutter has to be cocked
and released normally up to the 12th frame. Then, when the locking device of the
transport mechanism has been released, the film can be wound on to the end by
short rocking movements. In this manner you may also advance any 220 roll film
after the 13th frame by rocking it to the end.
|The exposure counter (17) jumps back to its starting
point when the camera back is opened and is automatically set when the camera
back is closed. The shutter has to be released and cocked again four times, whereupon
the mark for picture 1 will appear in the exposure counter. Do not let the winding
lever jump back but move it back smoothly. At every subsequent cocking of the
shutter the counting mechanism advances to the next number. After the 12th and,
in case of roll film 220, after the 24th exposure, the winding mechanism is locked.
It has to be released again by actuation of disconnecting lever (3). The rapid
wind lever can then be fully swung around again steadily and without interruption.
|Film reminder dial (12) bearing the
symbols for black-and-white and color film, is mounted above the speed setting
dial (13). The symbol required is set for roll film 120 against the numeral 12
and for roll film 220 against the numeral 24 on the speed setting dial. A second
film reminder dial (16) marking the film speed in DIN and ASA readings is positioned
above the rapid wind lever.
The finder hood (1) opens and springs into operating
position as soon as you push knob (9) in the direction of the arrow. It is closed
by finger-tip pressure an the cover. The finder hood is automatically locked on
to the camera. To remove it, depress unlocking knob (11) on the camera top. The
hood can then be pushed towards the back and lifted off.
The magnifier in the finder hood is designed for
critical focusing | and to facilitate picture composition. The magnifying lens
(14) yielding a fourfold enlargement may be swung into position. The magnifier
in the finder hood is designed for critical focusing | and to facilitate picture
composition. The magnifying lens (14) yielding a fourfold enlargement may be swung
into position parallel with the image field lens. The sports finder is moved into
working position by lifting the inner part of the finder hood cover and pulling
out the frame (10).
|The Pentaprism permits viewing the
image at eye level. It is inserted in place of the finder hood. The reflex image
then appears with sides unreversed and enlarged approximately 2.5 times. Persons
with faulty eyesight may insert a corrective lens into the eyepiece of the viewfinder
to replace their spectacles. You pull the two lateral catches simultaneously towards
the back and place the pentaprism on the four connecting pins on top of the camera,
then release the catches, and the pentaprism snaps in. Dismantle the Pentaprism is performed accordingly.
TTL Prism--please refer to ,,Accessories".
|Focusing takes place with the mirror
swung into viewing position, i.e. with the shutter wound up. Rotate focusing ring
(22) on the lens mount until the image of the subject appears sharp on the field
lens. Distance and definition may also be set by means of the scale on the lens
mount, in which case the field lens serves only for determining picture composition.
The depth of definition can be read from the focusing ring with the help of depth-of-field
scale (21). Engraved on the left and right of the index mark on the depth-of-field
scale are diaphragm numerals. At the f/8 setting, for instance, the depth of sharpness
can be read from the focusing ring between the two diaphragm numerals "8"
on the depth-of-field scale.
Fig.: Distance 5 m (17 ft.), diaphragm setting f/8, depth of
sharpness 3.5 m to approx. 9.5 m rox. 11 1/2 to 30 ft.
When using the sports finder, focusing has to be performed beforehand,
either on the image field lens or by the scale of the focusing ring.
7 different image field lenses are available for
the PENTAGON six TL (see also the Instruction Booklet describing ,,Close-up Equipment
for PRAKTISIX and PENTAGON six"). The field lenses are exchanged as follows:
Remove the finder element from the camera and then loosen the screws on the three
retaining springs with a screw driver. Swing the springs aside, take out the spring
ring, and tip the image lens out of the camera. Fixing any one of the other field
lenses is performed in reverse order. It is important to note that the thinner
part of field lenses made of glass must lie towards the back of the camera. Please
also note that different supporting angle pieces and spring rings are provided
for the Fresnel lens and for the other image field lenses.
1. Groundglass field lens (Order No. 207250)
Suited for all photographs except of special work.
2. Groundglass field lens with clear spot and hairline
cross (Order No. 207330)
Suited for close-ups and photomicrographs. the bright aerial picture and a
hairline cross assist in focusing.
3. Groundglass field lens with reticular guide
lines (Order No. 207340)
Used for reproduction work and all pictures for which exact aligning of the
camera will be necessary (to avoid, e.g., converging lines in architectural
4. Clear glass field lens with hairline cross,
5 mm reticular (Order No. 207350)
Destined for photomicrographs of high enlargement as well as in combination with
medical apparatuses, such as endoscopes etc. were a picture of poor light
intensity will be available.
5. Groundglass field lens with hairline cross,
5 mm reticular (Order No. 207360)
Recommender for pictures for which a certain image scale should be observed, e.g.
for reproduction work and photogrammetry.
6. Groundglass field lens with rangefinder wedges
(Order No. 207370)
Suited for all photographs except of special work. The measuring wedge
corresponds to the coupled split-image rangefinder principle.
7. Fresnel lens with microprism screen and Groundglass
circle (Order No. 207251)
Suited for all photographs except of special work. Focusing is either by
microprism screen or groundglass ring.
Particularly good brightness of finder image due to Fresnel lens.
lens with rangefinder wedges (rangefinder lens)
The rangefinder wedges correspond in effect to
a split-image rangefinder. The rangefinder lens forms two part images. These are
moved towards or away from each other by rotation of focusing ring (22). If the
outlines join precisely where the two sections meet, the image is in correct focus.
This can be observed best on straight vertical lines.
(7) Fresnel lens (see page 16).
Fresnel lens with microprism
The PENTAGON six TL can be supplied, as desired
either with a Fresnel lens for extra image brightness and microp;ism screen, or
with a groundglass image field lens.
1. Focusing on the microprism screen
|Correct focusing is achieved as soon
as the image in the microprism screen looks clear and free from fuzziness. The
image is out of focus if it looks fuzzy or crumbles into screen elements. Focusing
is extremely reliable since you see very distinctly the difference between sharpness
and unsharpness. Focusing should be performed with the lens aperture wide open
(small diaphragm numeral).
2. Focusing on the groundglass circle
|The circular groundglass screen is
used preferably in connection with small lens apertures (large diaphragm numerals)
or in case of greater scales of reproduction as, for instance, in close-up or
macro photography. The remaining section of the viewfinder (Fresnel lens) is not
meant for focusing.
The diaphragm is set by rotation of the diaphragm
ring (20) on the lens mount The diaphragm numeral required for the exposure has
to be brought to meet the red index mark. Lenses with automatic spring diaphragm
allow for full aperture focusing. Not until the shutter is released does the diaphragm
close down to the pre-set value. To check the depth of field during focusing,
you simply depress lever (19) on the lens mount. This causes the diaphragm to
close down to the value preselected by means of setting ring (20).
The focal-plane shutter of the PENTAcON six TL
gives exposure speeds ranging from 1 sec. to 1/1000 sec. and B (any desired duration).
For exposure speeds of longer than 1 sec. it is advisable to use a special wire
release with locking device. The speeds are graduated so that each figure indicates
double, or one half of the speed marked by the next figure on the scale. The diaphragm
scale works analogously. If the light value is to be maintained, the next smaller
aperture has to be employed for twice the exposure time, or vice versa.
|The exposure speeds may be set either
before or after the shutter has been cocked. The speed setting dial (13) is rotatable
in either direction. The desired exposure speed figure must come to stand against
the red triangular mark. The speed settings click in as a safeguard against unintentional
|The rapid wind lever serves not only
to cock the shutter but simultaneously to transport the film. By this same performance
the diaphragm is set to its widest aperture, the exposure counter switched to
the next number, and the mirror swung away to allow the light rays to reach the
image field lens.
button and self timer
|The delayed-action mechanism is tensioned
by swinging the winding lever (5) through about 90 degrees and set in motion by
actuation of shutter release (4). The shutter must be cocked beforehand. The self-timer
runs for approx. 10 seconds. It may be employed with all shutter speeds. The shutter
release is locked by turning the lower milled ring (15) on the release knob (4)
anti-clockwise as far as it will go (the red dot must be at the top) Inadvertent
tripping of the shutter is thus made impossible. The shutter mechanism is unlocked
by turning the milled ring back again.
Synchronization with electronic flash and flash
bulbs is effected by means of the X contact. The flash socket (6) is built into
the lower part of the camera front. Clockwise rotation of the milled ring on the
flash socket keeps the flash plug locked in position. When inserting or removing
the flash plug make sure that the red dot on the milled ring stands opposite the
red dot on the front of the flash socket. For the use of electronic flash, the
speed setting dial must be moved to the (lighting bolt) setting, for fast-burning
bulbs to 1/15 sec., and for bulbs of a longer flash duration to 1/8 sec. For delayed-action
exposures the shutter release has to be depressed until the flash lights up. (Use
cable release with locking device). The correct diaphragm setting is found by
dividing the guide number of the flash by the flash-to-subject distance figure.
|Remove the film after exposing the
12th frame (on film 120) or the 24th frame (on film 220) and subsequently winding
up the paper trailer. To achieve this, first actuate disconnecting lever (3) and
then cock the rapid wind lever with full 11 swings followed by release of the
shutter, or carry out short rocking movements, until the winding of the lever
becomes noticeably easier.
This means that if a roll film 120 is to be removed from the
camera after the 10th exposure, the shutter has to be normally cocked and released
up to the 12th frame.
Then, when the locking device of the transport mechanism has
been released, the film can be wound on to the end by short rocking movements.
In this manner you may also advance any 220 roll film after the 13th frame by
rocking it to the end.
Now open the camera back, pull out the spool support and lock
it in position. Tip the spool with the exposed film into your hand and fasten
the paper trailer with the gumstrip. Should the camera be firmly connected to
any other equipment the film spool can also be removed by means of its lower flange.
In this case, the spool must still be resting against the upper
part of the spool chamber, i.e. engaged by the carrier mechanism.
|Exchanging lenses is a quick and simple
matter. Turn milled ring ( 18) of the bayonet fitting anti-clockwise (as seen
from the front) until it stops and remove the lens from the camera. The red mark
on the scale of the lens to be inserted must be a the top, and the screw, or pin,
on the inner edge of the lens mount has to engage in the recess in the lens seat
of the camera (see illustration). To fasten the lens tighten milled ring (18)
by clockwise movement (as seen from the front).
|LensesThe standard lens, Zeiss Biometar
80mm f/2.8 is equipped with automatic spring diaphragm control (ASD). No specific
handling of the lens is necessary except setting the aperture required for the
exposure. The diaphragm is automatically controlled by the camera. During the
focusing procedure it is completely open.
Supplementary lenses with automatic diaphragm are operated in the same manner
as described above for standard lenses. This applies both to setting the diaphragm
stop and to checking the depth of field.
Supplementary lenses without automatic diaphragm
(e.g. PENTAGON 300 mm f/4 with manual pre-set diaphragm) are set by pressing the
setting ring directly behind the diaphragm scale towards the back and adjusting
it to bring its mark against the desired diaphragm numeral, where it clicks in.
This makes it possible also with these lenses to focus at full aperture. Immediately
before making the exposure, you turn the diaphragm ring back to the preselected
With lenses of a longer focal length (exceeding 300 mm) the automatic diaphragm
lever in the camera may project into the path of rays and can, therefore, be moved
away from its normal working position towards the camera body. To achieve this,
remove the lens from the camera and swing the lever, which becomes visible on
the left inside the opening, just far enough that it will not touch the camera
body when the shutter is cocked. Swing the lever back into operating position
when lenses with automatic diaphragm are to be used.
The following interchangeable lenses are available
for the PENTACON six TL:
|Standard lens Zeiss Biometar
||2,8/50 mm ASB -(54º)**
||4,0/50 mm ASB-(75º)**
||2,8/120 mm ASB-(39,5º)**
||2,8/180 mm ASB-(26º)**
|PENTAGON (Orestegor) *
||4,0/300 mm VB-(16º)**
||4,0/300 mm ASB-(15,5º)**
|PENTAGON (Orestegor) *
||5,6/500 mm VB-(10º)**
|Zeiss Spiegelobjektiv (Mirror Lens)
||5,6/ 1000 mm-(5º)**
|ASB = automatic spring diaphragm
VB = pre-set diaphragm
* The lenses hitherto listed under the name of Meyer Optics no bear the
trade name PENTACON.
** Angle of vision
|Accessories for the PENTACON
TTL Prism Attachment
|An outstanding advantage of the PENTAGON six TL
is its ability to accept the TTL Prism Attachment which can be used instead of
the finder hood or the ordinary pentaprism. It enables partially integral light
metering to be performed, based on the modern, technically accurate internal measuring
system. All factors making any difference with regard to the exposure are automatically
taken into account. Correction of exposure values as, for instance, in close-up
work or with filters, is no longer necessary.
For further information please refer to our brochures and to the instructions
for using the TTL Prism Attachment.
Equipment for close-up work
Set of Intermediate Rings
Set of Intermediate Rings with Plunger
10 mm Intermediate Ring with Plunger
Clase-up Bellows Attachment
Special Intermediate Ring with Cable Release Connection
Double Cable Release
Special Image Field Lenses
For further details please refer to our brochures and to the instructions for
using "Close-up Equipment for PENTACON six and PRAKTISIX."
The following accessories may be attached to the
eyepiece of the pentaprism and of the TTL Prism Attachment:
Mount for corrective lenses
Attachable Accessory Shoe
For further details please refer to our brochures and to the instructions for
using "Eyepiece Attachments".
Plate for the use of photographic glass plates
Lens - Hoods
One final hint with regard to setting up the camera on a flat surface. A screw
(Order Number 223650) to be threaded into the tripod socket of the camera may
be used as a third supporting
The details given in this booklet are subject to slight alterations which may
result from further development in the manufacturing Process.
Please read these Instructions for Use carefully, since we can accept no liability
for damage caused by improper handling of the camera.